With World Politics Review, I looked at where the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) goes - or doesn't - now that India and Pakistan have joined:
All of this comes alongside recent economic strains between India and China, in particular over Indian objections to the extension of infrastructure projects through Kashmir that are tied to the joint development scheme known as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Tensions between New Delhi and Beijing spiked in May, when India boycotted China’s OBOR summit. Even economic relations between China and Pakistan have grown tense over the past week following the recent killings of a pair of Chinese nationals in Balochistan. That led to reports, rebutted by the Chinese Foreign Ministry, that Xi did not meet on the sidelines of the SCO summit with Pakistan’s Sharif.
From a lack of direction and cohesion to a substantial increase in intra-SCO tensions by adding India and Pakistan, the SCO remains mired in institutional fatigue, despite the first expansion it has ever known. The SCO’s broader purpose, to say nothing of its effectiveness, appears far more uncertain than it did even a few years ago. Its two biggest members are focused elsewhere, with China leaning largely on bilateral relations through its OBOR investments and Russia looking to stall Beijing’s attempts at regional hegemony. Meanwhile, the economies of its Central Asian members are sputtering, and Kashmir has suddenly been added to the SCO’s docket.