Alongside Ryskeldi Satke and Sertaç Korkmaz at The Diplomat, I took a look at Turkey's struggling relations with the Turkic republics of Central Asia, both pre- and post-Crimea:
Even before the crisis in Ukraine, Turkey’s influence in the Turkic republics was debatable, with uneven levels of success in each state. Ankara’s ties have been observably progressing in Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, while Uzbekistan and Tajikistan seem less responsive to Turkey’s initiatives – though Tajikistan, as a non-Turkic nation, lacks the prior links of other Central Asian nations. The shaky Uzbek-Turkish relations took a dramatic turn after the Andijan massacre in 2005, which has provoked an international outcry. The Turkish government backed the UN resolution condemning Uzbekistan’s human rights record over mass killings, resulting in a significant downturn in relations between Ankara and Tashkent. After almost a decade-long chill, Turkey’s diplomatic effort to reignite relations with Uzbekistan was rewarded in July when Foreign Minister Ahmed Davutoglu visited Tashkent to jump-start relations. In Tajikistan, meanwhile, Ankara’s presence in the country remains largely limited. Generally, Tajikistan is tied to the AKP’s strategy regarding Turkey’s assisting role with facilitating peace and stability in neighboring Afghanistan, which has been reflected in providing development aid to the Tajik government.
... Turkey had high hopes of integrating the Turkic republics into Western-oriented political-economic structures in the 1990s, but due to host of complex issues with Central Asian post-Soviet regimes, Ankara abandoned the idea of promoting democratic reforms over a focus on regional security. Turkey’s political-economic power and military capabilities are not projected to support Central Asian republics as client-states – and will like continue that way, especially after China’s Silk Road initiatives and Russia’s revanchism in the former territories.